Ecb.europa.eu - SEO Checker

Overview of the SEO Check
Meta information
79% 
Page quality
45% 
Page structure
75% 
Link structure
25% 
Server
100% 
External factors
100% 
SEO Score
Response time
0.04 s
File size
194.80 kB
Words
5728
Media files
9
Number of links
788 internal / 11 external

Task list of SEO Improvements

Meta specifications

Title
(Critically important)
European Central Bank
The length of the page title is perfect. (211 pixels out of 580 max pixel length)
There are no duplicate words in the title
Meta description
(Critically important)
The European Central Bank (ECB) is the central bank of the European Union countries which have adopted the euro. Our main task is to maintain price stability in the euro area and so preserve the purchasing power of the single currency.
The meta description is too long: 1463 pixels from max. 1000 pixels. Optimize description
Crawlability
(Critically important)
There are no problems in accessing the website.
Canonical URL
(Important)
https://www.ecb.europa.eu/home/html/index.en.html
There is a valid canonical link specified.
Language
(Somewhat important)
Language detected in text: en
Language defined in HTML: en
Server location: United States of America
The following language is defined by HTML: en
Alternate/Hreflang Links
(Somewhat important)
There are no alternate links specified on this page.
Other meta tags
(Somewhat important)
There is no rel next meta tag on this page.
There is no rel prev meta tag on this page.
Domain
(Somewhat important)
This page is hosted on a subdomain. Use a top level domain for better SEO results.
The domain does not contain non-latin characters.
Page URL
(Somewhat important)
No parameters were found in the URL.
No session ID was found in the URL.
The URL does not have too many subdirectories.
Charset encoding
(Somewhat important)
The charset encoding (UTF-8) is set correctly.
Doctype
(Nice to have)
The doctype HTML 5 is set correctly.
The doctype is placed at first in the HTML code.
Favicon
(Nice to have)
The favicon is linked correctly.

Meta tags

NameValue
authorEuropean Central Bank
descriptionThe European Central Bank (ECB) is the central bank of the European Union countries which have adopted the euro. Our main task is to maintain price stability in the euro area and so preserve the purchasing power of the single currency.
viewportwidth=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, viewport-fit=cover
explainerDate1 January 1970
langen
twitter:cardsummary
twitter:site@ecb
og:typewebsite
og:titleEuropean Central Bank
og:urlhttps://www.ecb.europa.eu/home/html/index.en.html
og:image:secure_urlhttps://www.ecb.europa.eu/home/shared/img/socialmedia/social-default.jpg?bff2a4769f7b2c4f45183e6e783e7424
og:imagehttps://www.ecb.europa.eu/home/shared/img/socialmedia/social-default.jpg?bff2a4769f7b2c4f45183e6e783e7424
og:image:width1200
og:image:height600
og:site_nameEuropean Central Bank
charsetutf-8

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Page quality

Content
(Critically important)
The content of this page is too large (5728 words). Maybe the content could be divided into several pages.
There are 2 text duplicates on this page:
  • Duplicate: We are always working to improve this website for our users. To do thi...
The average number of words per sentence of 33.13 words is high.
25.7% of the text are stop words.
Keywords used in the page title are also used in the page content. That's good!
The page contains a listing, which indicates a good text layout.
46 paragraphs were found on this page.
No placeholders texts or images were found.
Frames
(Critically important)
This page does not use a frameset.
Mobile optimization
(Somewhat important)
A viewport "width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, viewport-fit=cover" is provided.
At least one Apple touch icon is specified.
This page only loads 3 JavaScript files. That's good!
Bold and strong tags
(Somewhat important)
The following tag is repeated too often: d22
Image SEO
(Somewhat important)
6 images have no alt attribute. The content of alt attributes is used by search engines.
Social Networks
(Nice to have)
There are only a few social sharing widgets on the page. Make your website popular in social networks with social sharing widgets.
Additional markup
(Nice to have)
No additional page markup was found.
HTTPS
(Somewhat important)
This website uses HTTPS to protect privacy and integrity of the exchanged data.
All included files are also transferred via HTTPS.

Media list

URLAlt attributeTitle
/shared/img/logo/logo_name.en.svgEuropean Central Bank - eurosystem
...ECB_Eurosystem_OneLineLogo_Mobile_EN.svgEuropean Central Bank - eurosystem
/shared/img/logo/logo_only.svgour logo, a yellow Euro sign surrounded by yellow stars centered in a dark blue circle resting on a dark blue base
...onference place holder new_2560x1440.jpgNo alt attribute provided
...al-stability/html/index/fsr_1000x750.jpgNo alt attribute provided
...40ea1850/ecb.blog20240418~2240ea1850.jpgNo alt attribute provided
.../TwoThemes_Announcement_BOX_1000x750.pngNo alt attribute provided
...tml/index/research-bulletin_2560x800.jpgNo alt attribute provided

Page structure

H1 heading
(Critically important)
There is no H1 heading specified.
Headings
(Important)
Some headings occur twice on the page.
The structure of headings is missing one or more levels. Do not skip heading levels.

Heading structure

Heading levelContent
H2 Monetary policy in an unusual cycle
H2 Interest rates
H2 Inflation rate
H2 Exchange rates
H2 Financial stability
H2 Market operations
H2 Our website uses cookies
H2 Thank you!
H2 Thank you! Duplicate text
H2 We have updated our privacy policy
H2 Your cookie preference has expired
H3 Account of June monetary policy meeting
H3 AI: a central bank's view
H3 Navigating challenges facing the international financial system
H3 Curious for more?
There are too many internal links (788) on this page.
Some internal link anchor texts are too long.
Some internal links have dynamic parameters. All internal URLs, which are not marked as nofollow, should not contain dynamic parameters.
Some anchor texts are used more than once.
There are 11 external links on this page.
LinkAttributesAnchor text
/home/html/index.en.htmlIMG-ALT European Central Bank - eurosystem
/home/html/index.en.htmlText duplicate IMG-ALT European Central Bank - eurosystem
/home/html/index.bg.htmlБългарски
A-TITLE Български
/home/html/index.cs.htmlČeština
A-TITLE Čeština
/home/html/index.da.htmlDansk
A-TITLE Dansk
/home/html/index.de.htmlDeutsch
A-TITLE Deutsch
/home/html/index.el.htmlEλληνικά
A-TITLE Eλληνικά
/home/html/index.en.htmlEnglish
A-TITLE English
/home/html/index.es.htmlEspañol
A-TITLE Español
/home/html/index.et.htmlEesti keel
A-TITLE Eesti keel
/home/html/index.fi.htmlSuomi
A-TITLE Suomi
/home/html/index.fr.htmlFrançais
A-TITLE Français
/home/html/index.ga.htmlGaeilge
A-TITLE Gaeilge
/home/html/index.hr.htmlHrvatski
A-TITLE Hrvatski
/home/html/index.hu.htmlMagyar
A-TITLE Magyar
/home/html/index.it.htmlItaliano
A-TITLE Italiano
/home/html/index.lt.htmlLietuvių
A-TITLE Lietuvių
/home/html/index.lv.htmlLatviešu
A-TITLE Latviešu
/home/html/index.mt.htmlMalti
A-TITLE Malti
/home/html/index.nl.htmlNederlands
A-TITLE Nederlands
/home/html/index.pl.htmlPolski
A-TITLE Polski
/home/html/index.pt.htmlPortuguês
A-TITLE Português
/home/html/index.ro.htmlRomână
A-TITLE Română
/home/html/index.sk.htmlSlovenčina
A-TITLE Slovenčina
/home/html/index.sl.htmlSlovenščina
A-TITLE Slovenščina
/home/html/index.sv.htmlSvenska
A-TITLE Svenska
/home/html/index.en.htmlIMG-ALT our logo, a yellow Euro sign surrounded by yellow stars centered in a dark blue circle resting on a dark blue base
/mopo/html/index.en.htmlMonetary policy & markets
A-TITLE visit page Monetary policy & markets
/mopo/html/index.en.htmlOverview of monetary policy and markets
/ecb/educational/explainers/te...What is monetary policy?
/mopo/strategy/strategy-review...Strategy review
/mopo/implement/app/html/index...Asset purchase programmes
/press/press_conference/html/i...Latest monetary policy press conference 6 June 2024
/mopo/intro/html/index.en.htmlIntroduction
A-TITLE visit page Introduction
/mopo/intro/benefits/html/inde...Benefits of price stability
A-TITLE visit page Benefits of price stability
/mopo/intro/role/html/index.en...Scope of monetary policy
A-TITLE visit page Scope of monetary policy
/mopo/intro/transmission/html/...Transmission mechanism
A-TITLE visit page Transmission mechanism
/mopo/decisions/html/index.en....Decisions, statements & accounts
A-TITLE visit page Decisions, statements & accounts
/mopo/strategy/html/index.en.htmlMonetary policy strategy
A-TITLE visit page Monetary policy strategy
/mopo/strategy/strategy-review...Text duplicate Strategy review
A-TITLE visit page Strategy review
/mopo/strategy/medium-term-ori...Medium-term orientation
A-TITLE visit page Medium-term orientation
/mopo/strategy/pricestab/html/...Two per cent inflation target
A-TITLE visit page Two per cent inflation target
/mopo/devel/html/index.en.htmlEconomic, monetary and financial analysis
A-TITLE visit page Economic, monetary and financial analysis
/mopo/devel/ecana/html/index.e...Economic analysis
A-TITLE visit page Economic analysis
/mopo/devel/monan/html/index.e...Monetary and financial analysis
A-TITLE visit page Monetary and financial analysis
/mopo/implement/html/index.en....Instruments
A-TITLE visit page Instruments
/mopo/implement/omo/html/index...Open market operations
A-TITLE visit page Open market operations
/mopo/implement/omo/tltro/html...TLTROs
A-TITLE visit page TLTROs
/mopo/implement/app/html/index...Text duplicate Asset purchase programmes
A-TITLE visit page Asset purchase programmes
/mopo/implement/app/lending/ht...Securities lending
A-TITLE visit page Securities lending
/mopo/implement/pepp/html/inde...Pandemic emergency purchase programme
A-TITLE visit page Pandemic emergency purchase programme
/mopo/implement/sf/html/index....Standing facilities
A-TITLE visit page Standing facilities
/mopo/implement/mr/html/index....Minimum reserves
A-TITLE visit page Minimum reserves
/mopo/implement/mr/two-tier/ht...Two-tier system
A-TITLE visit page Two-tier system
/mopo/international-market-ope...International market operations
A-TITLE visit page International market operations
/mopo/international-market-ope...Euro central bank liquidity lines
A-TITLE visit page Euro central bank liquidity lines
/mopo/ela/html/index.en.htmlEmergency liquidity assistance (ELA)
A-TITLE visit page Emergency liquidity assistance (ELA)
/mopo/liq/html/index.en.htmlLiquidity analysis
A-TITLE visit page Liquidity analysis
/mopo/coll/html/index.en.htmlCollateral
A-TITLE visit page Collateral
/mopo/coll/standards/html/inde...Eligibility criteria and assessment
A-TITLE visit page Eligibility criteria and assessment
/mopo/coll/standards/marketabl...Marketable assets
A-TITLE visit page Marketable assets
/mopo/coll/standards/nonmarket...Non-marketable assets
A-TITLE visit page Non-marketable assets
/mopo/coll/assets/html/index.e...List of eligible marketable assets
A-TITLE visit page List of eligible marketable assets
/mopo/coll/assets/guide/html/i...User guide
A-TITLE visit page User guide
/mopo/coll/coll/html/index.en....Mobilising collateral
A-TITLE visit page Mobilising collateral
/mopo/coll/coll/ccbm/html/inde...CCBM
A-TITLE visit page CCBM
/mopo/coll/coll/eligiblesss/ht...Eligible SSSs
A-TITLE visit page Eligible SSSs
/mopo/coll/coll/ssslinks/html/...Eligible links
A-TITLE visit page Eligible links
/mopo/coll/coll/triparty/html/...Eligible triparty agents
A-TITLE visit page Eligible triparty agents
/mopo/coll/risk/html/index.en....Risk mitigation
A-TITLE visit page Risk mitigation
/mopo/coll/risk/ecaf/html/inde...ECAF
A-TITLE visit page ECAF
/mopo/coll/risk/riskcontrol/ht...Risk control
A-TITLE visit page Risk control
/mopo/coll/risk/liquidity/html...Haircut categories
A-TITLE visit page Haircut categories
/mopo/coll/risk/valuation/html...Valuation
A-TITLE visit page Valuation
/mopo/coll/loanlevel/html/inde...Loan-level Initiative
A-TITLE visit page Loan-level Initiative
/mopo/coll/loanlevel/transmiss...Data templates
A-TITLE visit page Data templates
/mopo/coll/loanlevel/timeline/...Timeline
A-TITLE visit page Timeline
/mopo/coll/loanlevel/implement...Eligibility requirements
A-TITLE visit page Eligibility requirements
/mopo/coll/loanlevel/data_inf/...Data-handling infrastructure
A-TITLE visit page Data-handling infrastructure
/mopo/coll/loanlevel/faq/html/...Frequently Asked Questions
A-TITLE visit page Frequently Asked Questions
/mopo/coll/contacts/html/index...Contacts
A-TITLE visit page Contacts
/mopo/eaec/html/index.en.htmlStructure of the euro area economy
A-TITLE visit page Structure of the euro area economy
/mopo/eaec/ecopolicy/html/inde...Economic policy
A-TITLE visit page Economic policy
/mopo/eaec/fiscal/html/index.e...Fiscal policies
A-TITLE visit page Fiscal policies
/mopo/eaec/trade/html/index.en...External trade
A-TITLE visit page External trade
/mopo/eaec/eer/html/index.en.htmlEffective exchange rates
A-TITLE visit page Effective exchange rates
/mopo/eaec/structure/html/inde...Financial structure
A-TITLE visit page Financial structure
/mopo/eaec/markets/html/index....Financial markets
A-TITLE visit page Financial markets
/mopo/eaec/intermediaries/html...Financial intermediaries
A-TITLE visit page Financial intermediaries
/mopo/eaec/diversity/html/inde...Economic diversity
A-TITLE visit page Economic diversity
/mopo/eaec/labour/html/index.e...Labour market
A-TITLE visit page Labour market
/mopo/market-contact-groups/ht...Market contact groups
A-TITLE visit page Market contact groups
/mopo/market-contact-groups/bm...Bond market (BMCG)
A-TITLE visit page Bond market (BMCG)
/mopo/market-contact-groups/mm...Money market (MMCG)
A-TITLE visit page Money market (MMCG)
/mopo/market-contact-groups/di...Debt Issuance Market Contact Group (DIMCG)
A-TITLE visit page Debt Issuance Market Contact Group (DIMCG)
/mopo/market-contact-groups/om...ECB Operations managers group (ECB OMG)
A-TITLE visit page ECB Operations managers group (ECB OMG)
/mopo/market-contact-groups/fx...Foreign exchange (FXCG)
A-TITLE visit page Foreign exchange (FXCG)
/mopo/market-contact-groups/ii...Institutional Investor Dialogue (IID)
A-TITLE visit page Institutional Investor Dialogue (IID)
/paym/html/index.en.htmlPayments & financial stability
A-TITLE visit page Payments & financial stability
/paym/html/index.en.htmlOverview of payments and financial stability
/euro/digital_euro/html/index....Digital euro
/press/intro/html/index.en.htmlPayments news
/paym/target/target-profession...TARGET professional use documents and links
/pub/financial-stability/fsr/h...Latest Financial Stability Review 16 May 2024
/paym/target/html/index.en.htmlTARGET Services
A-TITLE visit page TARGET Services
/paym/target/coco/html/index.e...Shared features
A-TITLE visit page Shared features
/paym/target/t2/html/index.en....T2
A-TITLE visit page T2
/paym/target/t2/governance/htm...Governance
A-TITLE visit page Governance
/paym/target/t2s/html/index.en...T2S
A-TITLE visit page T2S
/paym/target/t2s/governance/ht...Text duplicate Governance
A-TITLE visit page Governance
/paym/target/t2s/facts/html/in...Facts and figures
A-TITLE visit page Facts and figures
/paym/target/t2s/pricing/html/...Pricing
A-TITLE visit page Pricing
/paym/target/tips/html/index.e...TIPS
A-TITLE visit page TIPS
/paym/target/tips/governance/h...Text duplicate Governance
A-TITLE visit page Governance
/paym/target/tips/facts/html/i...Text duplicate Facts and figures
A-TITLE visit page Facts and figures
/paym/target/tips/onboarding/h...Onboarding
A-TITLE visit page Onboarding
/paym/target/ecms/html/index.e...ECMS
A-TITLE visit page ECMS
/paym/target/target-profession...TARGET professional use documents & links
A-TITLE visit page TARGET professional use documents & links
/paym/target/target-profession...Shared features documents & links
A-TITLE visit page Shared features documents & links
/paym/target/target-profession...T2 documents & links
A-TITLE visit page T2 documents & links
/paym/target/target-profession...T2S documents & links
A-TITLE visit page T2S documents & links
/paym/target/target-profession...TIPS documents & links
A-TITLE visit page TIPS documents & links
/paym/target/target-profession...ECMS documents & links
A-TITLE visit page ECMS documents & links
/paym/integration/html/index.e...Integration and innovation
A-TITLE visit page Integration and innovation
/paym/integration/distributed/...Distributed ledger technologies
A-TITLE visit page Distributed ledger technologies
/paym/integration/distributed/...Exploratory work
A-TITLE visit page Exploratory work
/paym/integration/retail/html/...Retail payments
A-TITLE visit page Retail payments
/paym/integration/retail/retai...Retail payments strategy
A-TITLE visit page Retail payments strategy
/paym/integration/retail/ecb/h...ECB as a catalyst
A-TITLE visit page ECB as a catalyst
/paym/integration/retail/sepa/...SEPA
A-TITLE visit page SEPA
/paym/integration/retail/insta...Instant payments
A-TITLE visit page Instant payments
/paym/integration/collateral/h...Collateral management harmonisation
A-TITLE visit page Collateral management harmonisation
/paym/integration/collateral/i...Implementation
A-TITLE visit page Implementation
/paym/integration/collateral/f...FAQ
A-TITLE visit page FAQ
/paym/cyber-resilience/html/in...Cyber resilience
A-TITLE visit page Cyber resilience
/paym/cyber-resilience/fmi/htm...Financial market infrastructures
A-TITLE visit page Financial market infrastructures
/paym/cyber-resilience/tiber-e...TIBER-EU
A-TITLE visit page TIBER-EU
/paym/pol/html/index.en.htmlOversight
A-TITLE visit page Oversight
/paym/pol/systems/html/index.e...Payment systems
A-TITLE visit page Payment systems
/paym/pol/target2-securities/h...TARGET2-Securities
A-TITLE visit page TARGET2-Securities
/paym/pol/instr/html/index.en....Electronic payments
A-TITLE visit page Electronic payments
/paym/pol/clearing/html/index....Securities settlement systems and central counterparties
A-TITLE visit page Securities settlement systems and central counterparties
/paym/pol/critical/html/index....Critical service providers
A-TITLE visit page Critical service providers
/paym/pol/correspondent-and-cu...Correspondent and custodian banks
A-TITLE visit page Correspondent and custodian banks
/paym/pol/forum/html/index.en....SecuRe Pay forum
A-TITLE visit page SecuRe Pay forum
/paym/erms/html/index.en.htmlReserve management services
A-TITLE visit page Reserve management services
/paym/erms/aspects/html/index....Key aspects
A-TITLE visit page Key aspects
/paym/erms/service/html/index....Range of services
A-TITLE visit page Range of services
/paym/cashprof/html/index.en.htmlCash professionals
A-TITLE visit page Cash professionals
/paym/cashprof/cashhand/html/i...Cash handling
A-TITLE visit page Cash handling
/paym/cashprof/cashhand/device...Authentication devices
A-TITLE visit page Authentication devices
/paym/cashprof/cashhand/recycl...Recirculation of banknotes
A-TITLE visit page Recirculation of banknotes
/paym/cashprof/cdispec/html/in...Common detector interface specifications
A-TITLE visit page Common detector interface specifications
/paym/cashprof/accreditation/h...Banknote manufacturer accreditation
A-TITLE visit page Banknote manufacturer accreditation
/paym/groups/html/index.en.htmlPayment contact groups
A-TITLE visit page Payment contact groups
/paym/groups/ami/html/index.en...Advisory groups on market infrastructures
A-TITLE visit page Advisory groups on market infrastructures
/paym/groups/euro-cyber-board/...Euro Cyber Resilience Board
A-TITLE visit page Euro Cyber Resilience Board
/paym/groups/erpb/html/index.e...Euro Retail Payments Board (ERPB)
A-TITLE visit page Euro Retail Payments Board (ERPB)
/paym/groups/efip/html/index.e...European Forum for Innovation in Payments (EFIP)
A-TITLE visit page European Forum for Innovation in Payments (EFIP)
/paym/financial-stability/html...Introduction to financial stability
A-TITLE visit page Introduction to financial stability
/paym/macroprudential-measures...Macroprudential Measures
A-TITLE visit page Macroprudential Measures
/paym/financial_stability_cont...Financial stability contact groups
A-TITLE visit page Financial stability contact groups
/stats/html/index.en.htmlStatistics
A-TITLE visit page Statistics
/stats/html/index.en.htmlOverview of ECB statistics
https://data.ecb.europa.eu/mai...External Subdomain Main figures
https://data.ecb.europa.eu/External Subdomain ECB Data Portal
/press/stats/html/index.en.htmlStatistical releases
/press/blog/date/2024/html/ecb...THE ECB BLOG - Improved data: how climate change impacts banks 18 April 2024
/stats/euro-exchange-rates/htm...Euro exchange rates
A-TITLE visit page Euro exchange rates
/stats/key-ecb-interest-rates/...Key ECB interest rates
A-TITLE visit page Key ECB interest rates
/stats/euro-short-term-rates/h...Euro short-term rate (€STR)
A-TITLE visit page Euro short-term rate (€STR)
/stats/euro-short-term-rates/i...Interest rate benchmarks
A-TITLE visit page Interest rate benchmarks
/stats/euro-short-term-rates/i...Working group on euro risk-free rates
A-TITLE visit page Working group on euro risk-free rates
/stats/inflation/html/index.en...Inflation
A-TITLE visit page Inflation
/stats/euro-area-yield-curves/...Euro area yield curves
A-TITLE visit page Euro area yield curves
/stats/all-key-statistics/html...All key statistics
A-TITLE visit page All key statistics
/stats/accessing-our-data/html...All data services
A-TITLE visit page All data services
/stats/ecb_statistics/html/ind...Data reporting & standards
A-TITLE visit page Data reporting & standards
/stats/ecb_statistics/governan...Governance and quality framework
A-TITLE visit page Governance and quality framework
/stats/ecb_statistics/co-opera...Co-operation and standards
A-TITLE visit page Co-operation and standards
/stats/ecb_statistics/reportin...Banks’ data reporting
A-TITLE visit page Banks’ data reporting
/stats/ecb_statistics/anacredi...AnaCredit
A-TITLE visit page AnaCredit
/stats/ecb_statistics/anacredi...AnaCredit Q&A
A-TITLE visit page AnaCredit Q&A
/stats/ecb_statistics/consulta...Public consultations
A-TITLE visit page Public consultations
/stats/ecb_statistics/dialogue...Banking industry dialogue on ESCB statistics and integrated reporting
A-TITLE visit page Banking industry dialogue on ESCB statistics and integrated reporting
/stats/ecb_statistics/sdmx/htm...SDMX – statistical data exchange model
A-TITLE visit page SDMX – statistical data exchange model
/stats/ecb_statistics/inexda/h...INEXDA - granular data network
A-TITLE visit page INEXDA - granular data network
/euro/html/index.en.htmlThe euro
A-TITLE visit page The euro
/euro/html/index.en.htmlOverview of the euro
/paym/cashprof/html/index.en.htmlText duplicate Cash professionals
/stats/policy_and_exchange_rat...Banknote and coins statistics
/stats/policy_and_exchange_rat...Text duplicate Euro exchange rates
/euro/banknotes/future_banknot...Two possible themes selected for future euro banknotes 29 November 2023
/euro/digital_euro/html/index....Text duplicate Digital euro
A-TITLE visit page Digital euro
/euro/digital_euro/features/ht...What it is
A-TITLE visit page What it is
/euro/digital_euro/features/pr...Digital euro and privacy
A-TITLE visit page Digital euro and privacy
/euro/digital_euro/how-it-work...How it works
A-TITLE visit page How it works
/euro/digital_euro/why-we-need...Why we need it
A-TITLE visit page Why we need it
/euro/digital_euro/progress/ht...Timeline and progress
A-TITLE visit page Timeline and progress
/euro/digital_euro/timeline/ht...In-depth information
A-TITLE visit page In-depth information
/euro/digital_euro/timeline/st...Governance and stakeholder engagement
A-TITLE visit page Governance and stakeholder engagement
/euro/digital_euro/timeline/pr...Technical documents and research
A-TITLE visit page Technical documents and research
/euro/digital_euro/timeline/ru...Scheme rulebook
A-TITLE visit page Scheme rulebook
/euro/digital_euro/faqs/html/i...Frequently asked questions
A-TITLE visit page Frequently asked questions
/euro/cash_strategy/html/index...The Eurosystem cash strategy
A-TITLE visit page The Eurosystem cash strategy
/euro/cash_strategy/cash_role/...The role of cash
A-TITLE visit page The role of cash
/euro/cash_strategy/issuance/h...Issuance and circulation
A-TITLE visit page Issuance and circulation
/euro/cash_strategy/acceptance...Access to and acceptance of cash
A-TITLE visit page Access to and acceptance of cash
/euro/cash_strategy/faqs/html/...Text duplicate Frequently asked questions
A-TITLE visit page Frequently asked questions
/euro/banknotes/html/index.en....Banknotes
A-TITLE visit page Banknotes
/euro/banknotes/future_banknot...Future banknotes
A-TITLE visit page Future banknotes
/euro/banknotes/future_banknot...Redesign process
A-TITLE visit page Redesign process
/euro/banknotes/current/html/i...Current banknotes
A-TITLE visit page Current banknotes
/euro/banknotes/current/denomi...Denominations
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https://www.bankingsupervision...External Subdomain Banking Supervision
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/ecb/html/index.en.htmlAbout us
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https://www.ecb.europa.eu/ecbOverview of About us
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/ecb/history-arts-culture/hist...25 years of the ECB
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/ecb/legal/fsla/html/index.en....Text duplicate Institutional framework
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/careers/before-you-apply/html...How you can join us
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/careers/before-you-apply/how-...How to apply
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/press/key/date/2024/html/ecb....Read the speech
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/press/key/date/2024/html/ecb....Text duplicate Read the speech
/press/tvservices/podcast/html...Listen to The ECB Podcast
/press/accounts/2024/html/ecb....Meeting of 5-6 June 2024
/press/accounts/2024/html/ecb....Text duplicate English
/press/pr/date/2024/html/ecb.m...Text duplicate Monetary policy decisions
/press/pr/date/2024/html/ecb.m...Text duplicate English
/press/pr/date/2024/html/ecb.m...БългарскиBG
/press/pr/date/2024/html/ecb.m...ČeštinaCS
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/press/stats/ffi/html/ecb.eaef...Households and non-financial corporations in the euro area: first quarter of 2024
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/press/stats/mfi/html/ecb.mir2...Euro area bank interest rate statistics: May 2024
/press/stats/mfi/html/ecb.mir2...Text duplicate English
/press/stats/bop/2024/html/ecb...Euro area quarterly balance of payments and international investment position: first quarter of 2024
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/press/annual-reports-financia...Consolidated financial statement of the Eurosystem as at 28 June 2024
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/press/annual-reports-financia...Commentary
/press/annual-reports-financia...Text duplicate English
/press/pr/html/index.en.htmlALL PRESS RELEASES
/press/key/date/2024/html/ecb....Piero Cipollone: Artificial intelligence: a central bank’s view
/press/key/date/2024/html/ecb....Text duplicate English
/press/key/date/2024/html/ecb....Text duplicate ItalianoIT
/press/key/date/2024/html/ecb....Philip R. Lane: Inflation and monetary policy
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/press/key/date/2024/html/ecb....Christine Lagarde: Monetary policy in an unusual cycle: the risks, the path and the costs
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/press/conferences/ecbforum/ht...ECB Forum on Central Banking
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/press/key/date/2024/html/ecb....Philip R. Lane: Modern monetary analysis
/press/key/date/2024/html/ecb....Text duplicate English
/press/key/date/2024/html/ecb....Isabel Schnabel: The ECB’s monetary policy: towards price stability
/press/key/date/2024/html/ecb....Text duplicate English
/press/key/date/2024/html/ecb....Text duplicate DeutschDE
/press/key/html/index.en.htmlALL SPEECHES
/press/inter/date/2024/html/ec...Christine Lagarde: Interview with Expansión, Handelsblatt, Il Sole 24 Ore and Les Echos
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/press/inter/date/2024/html/ec...Philip R. Lane: Interview with Financial Times
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/press/inter/date/2024/html/ec...Isabel Schnabel: Interview with ARD Plusminus und tagesschau.de
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/press/inter/date/2024/html/ec...Text duplicate DeutschDE
/press/inter/date/2024/html/ec...Luis de Guindos: Interview with Oberösterreichische Nachrichten
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/press/inter/date/2024/html/ec...Isabel Schnabel: Interview with Nikkei
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/press/inter/html/index.en.htmlALL INTERVIEWS
/press/blog/date/2024/html/ecb...How euro area firms’ inflation expectations affect their business decisions
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Ursel Baumann
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Annalisa Ferrando
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Dimitris Georgarakos
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Yuriy Gorodnichenko
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Judit Rariga
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Timo Reinelt
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/press/blog/date/2024/html/ecb...Mind the gap: Europe’s strategic investment needs and how to support them
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Ettore Dorrucci
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Carolin Nerlich
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Othman Bouabdallah
/press/blog/date/2024/html/ecb...Text duplicate English
/press/blog/date/2024/html/ecb...Piero Cipollone: Maintaining the freedom to choose how we pay
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/press/blog/date/2024/html/ecb...How banks deal with declining excess liquidity
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/press/blog/date/2024/html/ecb...Making the digital euro truly private
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Maarten G.A. Daman
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/press/blog/html/index.en.htmlALL BLOG POSTS
/pub/pdf/other/ESCB-ESS_qualit...ESS-ESCB Quality assessment report on statistics underlying the Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure
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/stats/ecb_surveys/sma/shared/...ECB Survey of Monetary Analysts (SMA)
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/press/govcstatement/html/ecb....Governing Council statement on macroprudential policies
/press/govcstatement/html/ecb....Text duplicate English
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/pub/pdf/scpops/ecb.op352~ae1b...The sectoral systemic risk buffer: general issues and application to residential real estate-related risks
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Markus Behn
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Wanda Cornacchia
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Marco Forletta
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Barbara Jarmulska
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Cristian Perales
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Ellen Ryan
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Diogo Serra
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Eugen Tereanu
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Marcello Tumino
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/press/research-publications/r...A diverse investor base impacts the effectiveness of large-scale asset purchases
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/press/other-publications/conv...Convergence Report, June 2024
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/press/pr/date/2024/html/ecb.p...ECB reports on progress towards euro adoption
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/pub/pdf/legal/ecb.leg_con_202...Opinion of the European Central Bank of 21 June 2024 on a proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards certain reportin...
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/ecb/climate/climate-related-f...Climate-related financial disclosures of the ECB’s non-monetary policy portfolios
/ecb/climate/climate-related-f...Text duplicate English
/ecb/climate/climate-related-f...Climate-related financial disclosures of Eurosystem: assets held for monetary policy purposes and of the ECB’s foreign reserves
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/pub/pdf/scpsps/ecb.sps49~655d...The ECB’s enhanced effective exchange rates and harmonised competitiveness indicators: An updated weighting scheme including trade in services
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Martin Schmitz
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/pub/pdf/scpwps/ecb.wp2949~109...SAFE to update inflation expectations? New survey evidence on euro area firms
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/pub/pdf/scpsps/ecb.sps47~1770...Owner-occupied housing and inflation measurement
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Martin Eiglsperger
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Ioannis Ganoulis
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Bernhard Goldhammer
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Omiros Kouvavas
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Moreno Roma
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Aurelian Vlad
/pub/pdf/scpsps/ecb.sps47~1770...Text duplicate English
/pub/pdf/other/ecb.mepletter24...Letter from Piero Cipollone to Irene Tinagli, ECON Chair, on digital euro preparation phase – first progress report
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/euro/digital_euro/progress/ht...Progress on the preparation phase of a digital euro - First progress report
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/euro/digital_euro/progress/ht...Text duplicate Progress on the preparation phase of a digital euro - First progress report
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/press/pr/date/2024/html/ecb.p...ECB publishes first progress report on digital euro preparation phase
/press/pr/date/2024/html/ecb.p...Text duplicate English
/pub/pdf/other/ecb.mepletter24...Text duplicate Letter from Piero Cipollone to Irene Tinagli, ECON Chair, on digital euro preparation phase – first progress report
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/press/financial-stability-pub...The importance of being positive: costs and benefits of a positive neutral rate for the countercyclical capital buffer
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Luis Herrera-Bravo
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Mara Pirovano
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Valerio Scalone
/press/financial-stability-pub...Text duplicate English
/press/economic-bulletin/html/...Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2024
/press/economic-bulletin/html/...Text duplicate English
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/press/economic-bulletin/focus...Credit risk and bank lending conditions
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Francesca Barbiero
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Maria Dimou
/press/economic-bulletin/focus...Text duplicate English
/press/economic-bulletin/focus...Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations from 31 January to 16 April 2024
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Juliane Kinsele
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Vagia Iskaki
/press/economic-bulletin/focus...Text duplicate English
/press/economic-bulletin/focus...Profit indicators for inflation analysis considering the role of total costs
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Elke Hahn
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Théodore Renault
/press/economic-bulletin/focus...Text duplicate English
/press/economic-bulletin/focus...Insights from earnings calls – what can we learn from corporate risk perceptions and sentiment?
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Malin Andersson
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Juliette Guillotin
/pub/research/authors/profiles...Pedro Neves
/press/economic-bulletin/focus...Text duplicate English
/pub/pubbydate/html/index.en.htmlALL PUBLICATIONS
/paym/digital_euro/html/index....Digital euro Read more
/stats/policy_and_exchange_rat...Past key ECB interest rates
/stats/macroeconomic_and_secto...Inflation dashboard
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/mopo/implement/app/lending/ht...Lendings of holdings under PSPP
/explainers/tell-me-more/html/...LEARN MORE What is the European Central Bank?
/press/tvservices/podcast/html...PODCAST 5 July 2024 War, geopolitics and the economy
/services/media/html/player.en...EVENT 1 July 2024 ECB Forum on Central Banking 2024
https://www.flickr.com/photos/...External Subdomain EVENT 10 June 2024 Celebrating Europe in Frankfurt
/press/press_conference/visual...MONETARY POLICY 6 June 2024 Our monetary policy statement at a glance
/services/media/html/player.en...VIDEO 27 May 2024 Cashback and cash-in-shop services
/press/tvservices/podcast/html...PODCAST 17 May 2024 Financial stability in a ChatGPT world
https://www.flickr.com/photos/...External Subdomain EVENT 9 May 2024 ECB at Europafest 2024
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/services/glossary/html/index....Glossary
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/services/languagepolicy/html/...Language policy
/services/using-our-site/techn...Technical updates to this site
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European Central Bank
The European Central Bank (ECB) is the central bank of the European Union countries which have adopted the euro. Our main task is to maintain price stability in the euro area and so preserve the purchasing power of the single currency.

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