Semigator.de - SEO Checker

Overview of the SEO Check
Meta information
100% 
Page quality
43% 
Page structure
29% 
Link structure
66% 
Server
86% 
External factors
100% 
SEO Score
Response time
0.16 s
File size
97.70 kB
Words
1027
Media files
27
Number of links
121 internal / 6 external

Task list of SEO Improvements

Meta specifications

Title
(Critically important)
Weiterbildung einfach besser - Seminare und Trainer finden - semigator.de
The page title should be shorter than 580 pixels. It is 668 pixels long. Optimize title
There are no duplicate words in the title
Meta description
(Critically important)
Weiterbildungen, Seminare, Trainer einfach finden und buchen ✔ 50.000 Angebote ✔ 1.500 Veranstalter ✔ Unabhängige Bewertungen
The length of the meta description is perfect. (838 pixels out of 1000 max pixel length)
Crawlability
(Critically important)
There are no problems in accessing the website.
Canonical URL
(Important)
No canonical link is specified.
Language
(Somewhat important)
Language detected in text: de
Language defined in HTML: de
Server location: Germany
The following language is defined by HTML: de
Alternate/Hreflang Links
(Somewhat important)
There are no alternate links specified on this page.
Other meta tags
(Somewhat important)
There is no rel next meta tag on this page.
There is no rel prev meta tag on this page.
Domain
(Somewhat important)
The domain is no subdomain.
The domain length is good.
The domain does not contain non-latin characters.
Page URL
(Somewhat important)
No parameters were found in the URL.
No session ID was found in the URL.
The URL does not have too many subdirectories.
Charset encoding
(Somewhat important)
The charset encoding (UTF-8) is set correctly.
Doctype
(Nice to have)
The doctype HTML 5 is set correctly.
The doctype is placed at first in the HTML code.
Favicon
(Nice to have)
The favicon is linked correctly.

Meta tags

NameValue
descriptionWeiterbildungen, Seminare, Trainer einfach finden und buchen ✔ 50.000 Angebote ✔ 1.500 Veranstalter ✔ Unabhängige Bewertungen
keywordsseminar, kurs, coaching, trainer, training, workshop, weiterbildung, fortbildung
viewportwidth=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, maximum-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no
robotsindex, follow
google-site-verification9zbIDxXFjgBb16wxu-ZLSuxgtDCKwQW191hO2Nx96RQ
msvalidate.0149FC0C484468A03A793AEE3B666FF992
langde
expires-1
pragmano-cache
charsetUTF-8

Test up to 1.000 webpages of semigator.de with our free plan!

Sign Up Free
No trial. It's just free!

Page quality

Content
(Critically important)
Some words from the page title are not used within the pages content
Words from the H1 heading are not used in the page content.
There are 2 text duplicates on this page:
  • Duplicate: Vielfach ausgezeichnet: „Geprüft durch den Fachverband“ BME, Stif...
This page contains 1027 words. That's ok.
17% of the text are stop words.
The page contains a listing, which indicates a good text layout.
6 paragraphs were found on this page.
No placeholders texts or images were found.
The average number of words per sentence of 19.14 words is good.
Frames
(Critically important)
This page does not use a frameset.
Mobile optimization
(Somewhat important)
No Apple touch icon is specified.
This page loads 9 JavaScript files. This may affect the load time negatively.
A viewport "width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, maximum-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no" is provided.
Bold and strong tags
(Somewhat important)
The amount of tags is very high (39). We recommend using a maximum of 21 tags for this page.
The following tag is repeated too often: vielfach ausgezeichnet:
Image SEO
(Somewhat important)
8 images have no alt attribute. The content of alt attributes is used by search engines.
Social Networks
(Nice to have)
There are only a few social sharing widgets on the page. Make your website popular in social networks with social sharing widgets.
Additional markup
(Nice to have)
No additional page markup was found.
HTTPS
(Somewhat important)
This website uses HTTPS to protect privacy and integrity of the exchanged data.
All included files are also transferred via HTTPS.

Media list

URLAlt attributeTitle
/images/semigator-logo.svgSemigator – das Seminar- und WeiterbildungsportalSemigator
...images/pages/homepage/bme_siegel_new.pngNo alt attribute provided
...-content/uploads/2022/04/SEMIGATOR-2.pngNo alt attribute provided
.../homepage/haufe-semigator-key-visual.jpgNo alt attribute provided
.../pages/homepage/categories/cat-9.jpg?v=1Kommunikation
.../pages/homepage/categories/cat-6.jpg?v=1Projektmanagement
.../pages/homepage/categories/cat-1.jpg?v=1Excel
.../pages/homepage/categories/cat-8.jpg?v=1Marketing-Tools
...pages/homepage/categories/cat-11.jpg?v=1B2B Vertrieb
...pages/homepage/categories/cat-2.jpeg?v=1Zeitmanagement
...pages/homepage/categories/cat-4.jpeg?v=1Risikomanagement
.../pages/homepage/categories/cat-7.jpg?v=1IT-Controlling
...ages/homepage/categories/cat-12.jpeg?v=1Rhetorik
.../pages/homepage/categories/cat-3.jpg?v=1Webentwicklung
...pages/homepage/categories/cat-10.jpg?v=1Social Media
...pages/homepage/categories/cat-5.jpeg?v=1SAP
...t/logos/provider/Haufe_Akadmie_Logo.jpegNo alt attribute provided
...ages/dist/logos/provider/experteach2.pngLogo ExperTeach
...ist/logos/provider/management-circle.pngNo alt attribute provided
/assets/images/dist/logos/provider/poko.pngNo alt attribute provided
...ist/logos/provider/kundenstimme-tuev.pngTÜV Rheinland
/assets/images/dist/logos/provider/etc.pngETC
...s/images/dist/logos/provider/taw-new.pngNo alt attribute provided
...es/dist/logos/provider/TUV-Nord-Logo.pngNo alt attribute provided
/assets/images/Facebook-white.svgFacebook
/assets/images/XING-white.svgXing
/assets/images/LinkedIn-white.svgLinkedIn

Page structure

H1 heading
(Critically important)
Seminare & Webinare suchen - finden - buchen
Too many H1 headings
Headings
(Important)
Some headings occur twice on the page.
There are 61 headings on the page. The amount of headings should be in a more proper relation to the amount of text.

Heading structure

Heading levelContent
H1 Seminare & Webinare suchen - finden - buchen
H1 Unsere Procurement Lösung für Unternehmen: Haufe Semigator Corporate
H2 Wenige Klicks zur passenden Weiterbildung
H2 Unsere Top-Kurse
H2 Unsere Veranstalter
H3 Semigator
H3 Semigator für Sie
H3 Das Unternehmen
H3 Hilfe & Service
H4 Kommunikation
H4 Projektmanagement
H4 Excel
H4 Marketing-Tools
H4 B2B Vertrieb
H4 Zeitmanagement
H4 Risikomanagement
H4 IT-Controlling
H4 Rhetorik
H4 Webentwicklung
H4 Social Media
H4 SAP
H4 Seminare / Kurse
H4 Webinare / Online Seminare
H4 Beliebte Städte
H4 Beliebte Themen
H5 Kommunikation im Projektteam
H5 Webinar: Werkzeugkasten Unternehmenskommunikation
H5 Kommunikationstraining fürs Office
H5 Seminar Projektmanagement kompakt
H5 Projektmanagement kompakt mit Project Simulation und agilem Projektmanagement
H5 Agiles Projektmanagement mit Scrum
H5 Excel-Anwendungen – richtig erstellen, verifizieren und validieren
H5 Excel - PowerPivot
H5 Microsoft Excel 2016/2019 Aufbau
H5 Content-Marketing-Seminar
H5 Workshop Marketing- und Werbeplanung in der Praxis
H5 ONLINE-SEMINAR: Online Marketing Manager
H5 Pharma Marketing on- und offline, erfolgreiches Pharma-Marketing im direkten und indirekten Vertrieb der Pharma-Produkte
H5 Zertifikatskurs Marketing Essentials
H5 Vertriebstraining für komplexe Produkte und Dienstleistungen
H5 Webinar: ZEITMANAGEMENT 4.0
H5 Zeitmanagement & Stressmanagement
H5 Zeitmanagement und Selbstorganisation: Mehr Zeit gewinnen
H5 Ausbildung zum/r zertifizierten Risikomanagement-Beauftragten TÜV®
H5 Risikomanagement und Gebrauchstauglichkeit von IVD. 09504
H5 Webinar: Risikomanagement von der Identifizierung bis zur Überwachung
H5 LIVEINAR®IT-Controlling
H5 IT-Controlling - Methoden zur Steuerung der IT Webinar
H5 IT-Controlling Duplicate text
H5 Rhetorik Training
H5 Präsentationstraining für Azubis
H5 ZS - Rhetorik & Präsentation II - Rhetorik Seminar / Präsentationstraining mit max. 5 TN !
H5 LIVEINAR®Core Web Application Technologies with Microsoft Visual Studio 2010/2013 Workshop
H5 Qlik Sense Extension Development | Grundlagen - Online
H5 PHP Aufbau – fortgeschrittene Techniken für moderne Webentwicklung
H5 Social Media Marketing - Teil II
H5 Social Media & Monitoring für Unternehmen
H5 Social Media Marketing (SMM) – Grundlagen als Online-Seminar
H5 SAP Überblick (online Training)
H5 AZ-120T00 – Planning and Administering Microsoft Azure for SAP Workloads – Classroom Training
H5 SAP®-Wissen für Revisoren
Some internal link anchor texts are too long.
Some anchor texts are used more than once.
5 links don't have an anchor text.
The number of internal links is ok.
All internal links are not using dynamic parameters.
There are 6 external links on this page.
LinkAttributesAnchor text
https://www.semigator.de/IMG-ALT Semigator – das Seminar- und Weiterbildungsportal
https://www.semigator.de/seminareSeminare
A-TITLE Seminare
https://www.semigator.de/webinarWebinare
A-TITLE Webinare
/elearningE-Learnings
A-TITLE E-Learning
/ueber-unsÜber uns
https://www.semigator.de/anbieterFür Veranstalter
https://semigator.haufe.de/External Subdomain Corporate-Lösung
/merklisteMerkliste 0
https://www.semigator.de/Anchor Anmelden
/seminare/arbeitsrecht.htmlArbeitsrecht Seminare
A-TITLE Arbeitsrecht Seminare
/seminare/c++.htmlC++ Seminare
A-TITLE C++ Seminare
/seminare/buchhaltung.htmlBuchhaltung Seminare
A-TITLE Buchhaltung Seminare
/seminare/datenschutzbeauftrag...Datenschutz Seminare
A-TITLE Datenschutz Seminare
/seminare/finance.htmlFinanz Seminare
A-TITLE Finanz Seminare
/seminare/immobilien.htmlImmobilien Seminare
A-TITLE Immobilien Seminare
/weiterbildungen/it.htmlIT Seminare
A-TITLE IT Seminare
/seminare/kommunikation.htmlKommunikation Seminare
A-TITLE Kommunikation Seminare
/seminare/management.htmlManagement Seminare
A-TITLE Management Seminare
/seminare/marketing.htmlMarketing Seminare
A-TITLE Marketing Seminare
/seminare/mitarbeiterfuehrung....Mitarbeiterführung Seminare
A-TITLE Mitarbeiterführung Seminare
/seminare/office.htmlOffice Seminare
A-TITLE Office Seminare
/seminare/persoenlichkeit.htmlPersönlichkeit Seminare
A-TITLE Persönlichkeit Seminare
/seminare/personal.htmlPersonal Seminare
A-TITLE Personal Seminare
/seminare/praesentation.htmlPräsentation Seminare
A-TITLE Präsentation Seminare
/seminare/projektmanagement.htmlProjektmanagement Seminare
A-TITLE Projektmanagement Seminare
/seminare/public-relations.htmlPublic Relations Seminare
A-TITLE Public Relations Seminare
/seminare/steuern.htmlSteuer Seminare
A-TITLE Steuer Seminare
/seminare/technik.htmlTechnik Seminare
A-TITLE Technik Seminare
/seminare/vertrieb.htmlVertrieb Seminare
A-TITLE Vertrieb Seminare
https://semigator.haufe.de/External Subdomain Jetzt informieren
/seminare/kommunikation.htmlSeminare zum Thema Kommunikation Kommunikation im Projektteam Dr. Klinkner & Partner GmbH ab 769,92 € Webinar: Werkzeugkasten Unternehmenskommunikation MW Me...
IMG-ALT Kommunikation
/seminare/projektmanagement.htmlSeminare zum Thema Projektmanagement Seminar Projektmanagement kompakt CETPM GmbH ab 769,92 € Projektmanagement kompakt mit Project Simulation und agilem Pro...
IMG-ALT Projektmanagement
/seminare/excel.htmlSeminare zum Thema Excel Excel-Anwendungen – richtig erstellen, verifizieren und validieren Dr. Klinkner & Partner GmbH ab 769,92 € Excel - PowerPivot SYMPLA...
IMG-ALT Excel
/seminare/marketing-tools.htmlSeminare zum Thema Marketing-Tools Content-Marketing-Seminar 121WATT GmbH ab 769,92 € Workshop Marketing- und Werbeplanung in der Praxis IHK Akademie München...
IMG-ALT Marketing-Tools
/seminare/b2b-vertrieb.htmlSeminare zum Thema B2B Vertrieb Pharma Marketing on- und offline, erfolgreiches Pharma-Marketing im direkten und indirekten Vertrieb der Pharma-Produkte Inst...
IMG-ALT B2B Vertrieb
/seminare/zeitmanagement.htmlSeminare zum Thema Zeitmanagement Webinar: ZEITMANAGEMENT 4.0 BSH Akademie der BSH CG GmbH ab 769,92 € Zeitmanagement & Stressmanagement edulab ab 769,92 € Z...
IMG-ALT Zeitmanagement
/seminare/risikomanagement.htmlSeminare zum Thema Risikomanagement Ausbildung zum/r zertifizierten Risikomanagement-Beauftragten TÜV® TÜV AUSTRIA AKADEMIE ab 769,92 € Risikomanagement und ...
IMG-ALT Risikomanagement
/seminare/it-controlling.htmlSeminare zum Thema IT-Controlling LIVEINAR®IT-Controlling PROTRANET GmbH ab 769,92 € IT-Controlling - Methoden zur Steuerung der IT Webinar ORDIX AG ab 769,9...
IMG-ALT IT-Controlling
/seminare/rhetorik.htmlSeminare zum Thema Rhetorik Rhetorik Training edulab ab 769,92 € Präsentationstraining für Azubis IHK Akademie München und Oberbayern gGmbH ab 769,92 € ZS - ...
IMG-ALT Rhetorik
/seminare/webentwicklung.htmlSeminare zum Thema Webentwicklung LIVEINAR®Core Web Application Technologies with Microsoft Visual Studio 2010/2013 Workshop PROTRANET GmbH ab 769,92 € Qlik ...
IMG-ALT Webentwicklung
/seminare/social-media.htmlSeminare zum Thema Social Media Social Media Marketing - Teil II Akademie Wissen ab 769,92 € Social Media & Monitoring für Unternehmen GFU Cyrus AG ab 769,92...
IMG-ALT Social Media
/seminare/sap.htmlSeminare zum Thema SAP SAP Überblick (online Training) Integrata Cegos GmbH ab 769,92 € AZ-120T00 – Planning and Administering Microsoft Azure for SAP Worklo...
IMG-ALT SAP
/anbieter/profil/86764/Haufe-A...New window No Text
/anbieter/profil/1343237/Exper...New window IMG-ALT Logo ExperTeach
/anbieter/profil/583933/Manage...New window No Text
/anbieter/profil/1341534/Poko-...New window No Text
/anbieter/profil/4880/TUeV-Rhe...New window IMG-ALT TÜV Rheinland
/anbieter/profil/343763/ETC-En...New window IMG-ALT ETC
/anbieter/profil/504344/Techni...New window No Text
/anbieter/profil/1343217/TUeV-...New window No Text
/anbieter/New window Jetzt Veranstalter werden
/seminare/anlagenbuchhaltung.htmlAnlagenbuchhaltung Seminare
/seminare/budgetierung.htmlBudgetierung Seminare
/seminare/c++.htmlText duplicate C++ Seminare
/seminare/didaktik.htmlDidaktik Seminare
/seminare/elektrotechnik.htmlElektrotechnik Seminare
/seminare/geschaeftsfuehrer.htmlGeschäftsführer Seminare
/seminare/it-projektmanagement...IT Projektmanagement Seminare
/seminare/it-projektmanagement...Text duplicate IT Seminare
/seminare/knigge.htmlKnigge Seminare
/seminare/lean-management.htmlLean Management Seminare
/seminare/prozessmanagement.htmlProzessmanagement Seminare
/seminare/recruiting.htmlRecruiting Seminare
/seminare/seo.htmlSEO Seminare
/seminare/steuern.htmlText duplicate Steuer Seminare
/seminare/vertriebscontrolling...Vertriebscontrolling Seminare
/webinar/arbeitsrecht.htmlArbeitsrecht Webinare
/webinar/buchhaltung.htmlBuchhaltung Webinare
/webinar/change-management.htmlChange Management Webinare
/webinar/datenschutz.htmlDatenschutz Webinare
/webinar/digitalisierung.htmlDigitalisierung Webinare
/webinar/ecommerce.htmleCommerce Webinare
/webinar/excel.htmlExcel Webinare
/webinar/IT.htmlIT Webinare
/webinar/kommunikation.htmlKommunikation Webinare
/webinar/krisenmanagement.htmlKrisenmanagement Webinare
/webinar/marketing.htmlMarketing Webinare
/webinar/microsoft-365.htmlMicrosoft Webinare
/webinar/projektmanagement.htmlProjektmanagement Webinare
/webinar/python.htmlPython Webinare
/webinar/stressbewältigung.htmlStressbewältigung Webinare
/seminare/berlin.htmlSeminare in Berlin
/seminare/duesseldorf.htmlSeminare in Düsseldorf
/seminare/hamburg.htmlSeminare in Hamburg
/seminare/koeln.htmlSeminare in Köln
/seminare/muenchen.htmlSeminare in München
/seminare/nuernberg.htmlSeminare in Nürnberg
/seminare/stuttgart.htmlSeminare in Stuttgart
/seminare/bochum.htmlSeminare in Bochum
/Seminare/bonn.htmlSeminare in Bonn
/Seminare/dortmund.htmlSeminare in Dortmund
/Seminare/dresden.htmlSeminare in Dresden
/Seminare/frankfurt-am-main.htmlSeminare in Frankfurt am Main
/Seminare/hannover.htmlSeminare in Hannover
/Seminare/koeln.htmlText duplicate Seminare in Köln
/Seminare/muenchen.htmlText duplicate Seminare in München
/seminare/assistenz-hamburg.htmlAssistenz Seminare in Hamburg
/seminare/betriebsrat-frankfur...Betriebsrat Seminare in Frankfurt a.M.
/seminare/brandschutz-frankfur...Brandschutz Seminare in Frankfurt a.M.
/seminare/controlling-hannover...Controlling Seminare in Hannover
/seminare/datenschutz-hamburg....Datenschutz Seminare in Hamburg
/seminare/excel-berlin.htmlExcel Kurse in Berlin
/seminare/facebook-koeln.htmlFacebook Seminare in Köln
/seminare/fuehrungskraefte-due...Führungskräfte Seminare in Düsseldorf
/seminare/hr-muenchen.htmlHR Seminare in München
/seminare/indesign-frankfurt-a...Indesign Seminare in Frankfurt am Main
/seminare/iso-9000-muenchen.htmlISO 9000 Seminare in München
/seminare/itil-stuttgart.htmlITIL Seminare in Stuttgart
/seminare/management-berlin.htmlManagement Seminare in Berlin
/seminare/sea-muenchen.htmlSEA Seminare in München
/seminare/steuerrecht-frankfur...Steuerrecht Seminare in Frankfurt a.M.
/profil/passwortvergessenNofollow Passwort vergessen?
https://www.semigator.de/profilNofollow Jetzt registrieren
https://www.semigator.de/Semigator Marktplatz
https://semigator.haufe.de/External Subdomain Semigator Corporate
https://www.semigator.de/anbieterSemigator für Veranstalter
/ueber-unsÜber Semigator
/impressumImpressum
/agb_datenschutz/Datenschutz
https://www.semigator.de/agbAGB
https://www.semigator.de/faqFAQ – Häufig gestellte Fragen
/so_funktioniertsSo funktioniert’s
https://www.semigator.de/kontaktNofollow Kontakt
https://www.semigator.de/jobsJobs
https://www.facebook.com/semig...External IMG-ALT Facebook
https://www.xing.com/companies...External IMG-ALT Xing
https://www.linkedin.com/compa...External IMG-ALT LinkedIn

Server configuration

HTTP redirects
(Critically important)
This page redirects to "https://www.semigator.de/"
HTTP header
(Important)
No X-Powered HTTP header is sent.
This page uses GZip for compressed data transmission.
Performance
(Somewhat important)
This page loads 9 JavaScript files. This may affect the load time negatively.
The page response time is excellent with 0.16 seconds.
This page only loads 2 CSS files. That's ok.
The file size of the HTML document is fine (98 kB).

HTTP Response Header

NameValue
servernginx
dateWed, 17 Aug 2022 07:01:42 GMT
content-typetext/html; charset=UTF-8
content-length11662
connectionkeep-alive
set-cookie65 Characters
set-cookie772 Characters
set-cookie148 Characters
expiresThu, 19 Nov 1981 08:52:00 GMT
cache-controlno-store, no-cache, must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0
pragmano-cache
varyAccept-Encoding
content-encodinggzip
age0
p3pCP="NON CUR ADM DEV OUR STP UNI PUR COM NAV INT STA"
accept-rangesbytes
statuscode200
http_versionHTTP/1.1

External factors

Blacklists
(Nice to have)
This website is not classified "for adult only".
This page is referenced by wikipedia.
This website has excellent links from other websites.
This page has backlinks from 721 referring domains.
This page has 7,632 backlinks.
This page has backlinks from 369 different ip addresses.
Facebook popularity
(Somewhat important)
The page has 226 shares, comments and likes on Facebook.
Listed on Webwiki
(Nice to have)
This website is listed on Webwiki.

Robots.txt

User-agent: *
Disallow: /catalog/
Disallow: /SalesOrders/
Disallow: /buchen/
Disallow: /schnellbuchen/
Disallow: /searches/
Disallow: /accounts/
Disallow: /agbvideo/
Disallow: /app/
Disallow: /contactus/
Disallow: /downloads/
Disallow: /img/
Disallow: /questions/
Disallow: /trainers/
Disallow: /trainer/suche/
Disallow: /videos/
Disallow: /empfehlen-modal/
Disallow: /empfehlen_modal/
Disallow: /bewertung/
Disallow: /suche/
Disallow: /jobs
Disallow: /ueberuns
Disallow: /impressum
Disallow: /agb_datenschutz
Disallow: /presse
Disallow: /faq
Disallow: /profil/
Disallow: /semigator_team/
Disallow: /reservierung
Disallow: /seminare/Erfolgreiche-Bewerberauswahl-145263-0
Disallow: /seminare/Arbeitszeugnisse-professionell-erstellen-und-analysieren-145243-0
Disallow: /seminare/Kritikgespraeche-richtig-fuehren-1359026-0
Disallow: /seminare/Thema-Personalakte-1359027-0
Disallow: /seminare/Das-Telefoninterview-1364491-0
Disallow: /seminare/Ausbildungszeugnisse-kompetent-formulieren-1338401-0
Disallow: /trainings/Bewerbungstraining-145282-0
Disallow: /seminare/Zeugnisse-in-englischer-Sprache-1338216-0
Disallow: /index.php?c=trainer_search
Sitemap: http://www.semigator.de/sitemap.xml

Search preview

www.semigator.de
Weiterbildung einfach besser - Seminare und Trainer finden - semiga...
Weiterbildungen, Seminare, Trainer einfach finden und buchen ✔ 50.000 Angebote ✔ 1.500 Veranstalter ✔ Unabhängige Bewertungen

Most important keywords

Following keywords were found. You can check the keyword optimization of this page for each keyword.

KeywordResultRecheck
Seminare77%Check
Semigator75%Check
finden72%Check
finden und buchen67%Check
Weiterbildung finden67%Check
finden buchen66%Check
einfach finden64%Check
Weiterbildung63%Check
Projektmanagement Seminar62%Check
Rhetorik Seminar62%Check

Test up to 1.000 webpages of semigator.de with our free plan!

Sign Up Free
No trial. It's just free!

Cookie Policy

We use cookies to make our site work and also for analytics and advertising purposes. You can enable or disable optional cookies as desired. See the following links for more information.

We need these so the site can function properly

So we can better understand how visitors use our website

So we can serve you tailored ads and promotions